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essay代寫:斯大林權力崛起的原因

因此,列寧決定任命斯大林為黨的第一任總書記。因為那時托洛茨基是紅軍的指揮官。其他布爾什維克把這些工作看成是黨內官僚主義沈悶例行公事的一部分,對他漠不關心,這使斯大林在權力鬥爭中作為“灰色地帶”擁有巨大的優勢。對於斯大林的崛起,關鍵的因素是擁有總書記的地位。在控制了第一步階梯之後,斯大林控制了階級階梯的每一步。現在斯大林有了優勢,他為自己的團隊挑選了一位新成員,他對他有信心,對他忠誠。因此,擁有秘書長的頭銜有效地將支持者安排在關鍵位置,以贏得選票,並將選票送出政治對手手中。斯大林為政治局會議制定議程,他控制著政治局討論的內容。最重要的是,傳單由斯大林控制,這意味著他擁有控制敵人政治形象的權力。列寧死後,蘇聯的整個政治機器都在斯大林的控制之下。

斯大林權力崛起的原因之一是他狡猾的操控性人格,這在列寧的葬禮上表現得很明顯。斯大林想要展示他作為合法繼承人的形象,想要摧毀托洛茨基的正面形象。1924年1月21日,列寧逝世,6天後,他的葬禮在紅場舉行。對列寧主義的崇拜在紅色恐怖之後才剛剛開始,斯大林在列寧的葬禮上充當了護柩者,給了它動力。此外,他還宣誓效忠列寧,這是對列寧遺產的效忠。托洛茨基因病在俄羅斯南部休息時,斯大林聯系了他。斯大林也以狡猾的個性著稱,他摧毀了托洛茨基的形象。

斯大林說服托洛茨基不要來參加列寧的葬禮,因為他的健康狀況不佳,他可能無法按時趕到那裏,這只是浪費時間。托洛茨基接受了斯大林的建議,這最終毀了他的形象。斯大林在葬禮結束時取得了非常成功的成果。公眾的印象是斯大林被指定為列寧的接班人。這展示了斯大林的真實形象,他如何利用托洛茨基的弱點,說服他不要來參加葬禮,從而破壞了托洛茨基的形象。它確實表明,斯大林是不僅聰明,而且他是一個邪惡的人實際上是一個真正的斯大林的個性(Radzinskiĭ, 1996)。

1922年以後,斯大林的真實形象和真實性格變得更加透明。在共產黨內部,斯大林在20世紀20年代初在右翼的布哈林和左翼的托洛茨基之間擺出了一個溫和派的姿態。斯大林直到1928年才決定做出任何明確的政治決定,因為這將使他遠離黨內的政治紛爭,並幫助他獲得保守派和自由派的支持。分歧政策被斯大林采用,以切斷他的對手(服務,2005年)。他的反對者的觀點被成功地表述為反列寧主義或反共。斯大林利用自己的狡猾策略,成功地操縱了列寧對派系的禁令。

羅伯特康科斯特曾說過:“斯大林在六年內挫敗了一系列的對手;首先他和其他同事結盟,然後他降職反對托洛茨基。隨後,他與布哈林-列科夫的“右派”結盟,擊敗了季諾維也夫-卡梅涅夫的“左派”陣營,最後他和他的追隨者攻擊了他們迄今為止的盟友——“右派”。羅伯特·康奎斯特是英國著名的歷史學家,他重述了斯大林掌權的時間軸。有些人曾經認為,為了成為蘇聯唯一的領導人,斯大林不惜一切代價。(布洛克,1992)

essay代寫:斯大林權力崛起的原因

Thus, Lenin decided to appoint Stalin as the first General Secretary of the party. It was because at that time Trotsky was the Commander of the Red Army. Other Bolsheviks saw these jobs as a part of the dull routine of party bureaucracy and paid little attention to him, which gave Stalin an enormous advantage as the “Grey Blur” in the battle for power. For the rise of Stalin, the crucial factor was having the position of General Secretary. After controlling the first step of the ladder, Stalin controlled over every step of the ladder of hierarchy. Now Stalin had the advantage of selecting a new member for his team on whom he had faith and who was loyal to him. Therefore, having the title of General Secretary was effective to place supporters in key positions to win and deliver votes that out manoeuvred political opponents. Stalin set agendas for the meetings of Politburo and he controlled what Politburo talked about. Most importantly, the leaflets were controlled by Stalin, which meant that he had the power over the enemies’ political image. After the death of Lenin, the whole Political Machine in USSR was under the control of Stalin.
One of the reasons for the rise of Stalin’s power was his cunning manipulative personality which was clearly seen in the event of Lenin’s Funeral. Stalin wanted to display his image as a legitimate successor and wanted to destroy the positive image of Trotsky. On January 21, 1924, Lenin died and after six days, his funeral was held in the Red Square. The cult of Leninism had just begun after the Red Terror and Stalin gave it momentum at Lenin’s Funeral by acting as a pallbearer. In addition, he gave the oration with an oath of loyalty, which was made to the Lenin’s legacy. When Trotsky was resting in South Russia because of his illness, Stalin contacted him. Stalin, who was also known for his cunning personality, destroyed Trotsky image.
Stalin convinced Trotsky to not to come for Lenin’s funeral because his health was not good and he might not have been able to reach there on time and would have merely been a wastage of time. Trotsky accepted Stalin’s proposal and this ultimately resulted in ruining his image. Stalin had a very successful outcome at the end of the funeral. The public had the impression that Stalin was designated to become the successor of Lenin. This shows the real image of Stalin that how he used the weakness of Trotsky for ruining the image of Trotsky by convincing him not to come to the funeral. It does show that Stalin was not only clever but he was an evil person and in fact was a true personality of Stalin (Radzinskiĭ, 1996).
The real image and true personality of Stalin became more transparent from 1922 onwards. In the communist party, Stalin posed as a moderate spectrum between Bukharin on the right wing and Trotsky on the left wing in the early 1920’s. Stalin decided not to make any definite political decisions until 1928 because it would allow him to stay away from the political disputes within the party and it would help him to get support from both the Conservatives and the Liberals. The policy of disagreement was adopted by Stalin to cut off his opponents (Service, 2005). The views of his opponents were successfully presented as anti-Leninist or anti-communist. By using his cunning strategies into his advantages, Stalin successfully manipulated Lenin’s Ban on Factions.
It was stated by Robert Conquest, “Stalin out manoeuvred a series of opponents in six years; first he made an alliance with the rest of his colleagues, and then he demoted and opposed and Trotsky. Then in alliance with the Bukharin-Rykov “Right”, he defeated the Zinoviev-Kamenev “Left” block and finally he and his own following attacked their hitherto allies, the “Rightists”. Robert Conquest is a very well known historian of Britain who retold the timeline of Stalin’s rising to power. Some used to think that to become the sole leader of Soviet Union, Stalin did whatever it took to be there. (Bullock, 1992)