Assignment First


By helping the colonists of America in the Indian and French War, the government of Britain had to bear lots of debts due to the cost of funding, supplying and raising an army on international land. With the expectation that Americans will bear some financial burden, the Parliament considered levying various taxation acts as a source of softening the blow. The Townshend Acts (1767), the Stamp Act (1765) and the Sugar Act (1764) were some unpopular legislation that was imposed over American colonies to raise funds for making payment of Indian and French War debt.

In the initial setting, trade with settlers of Europe introduced advantages such as fish hooks, cooking utensils, weapons, axes and knives along with other goods. The initial trade of Indians provided them with significant competitive advantage over others. In responding to the demand of Europe, tribes like the Iroquois started devoting significant focus to trap fur in the 17th century. Pelts and furs were providing the sources to tribes in purchasing colonial products until the late 18th century.

As a result, there were a number of years of discord and unrest. The Americans were maintaining that laws could be made by the Parliament insisting to be taxed only from the elected representatives. The British were feeling that there was supreme authority of the parliament on the colonies. The Americans considered forming Correspondence Committees, and a Continental Congress was also established for finding solutions. However, no common ground was found with the British. With the outbreak of wars in the year 1775, it was determined by the American revolutionaries that separation will be only way to obtain justice and liberty. As the war for independence was declared in the year 1776 on 4th July, the relationships between colonies were formally dissolved with their mother nation and the continent was plunged into war. In the year 1763, the Royal Proclamation ended up creating a border line across the British colonies and indigenous Americans across the Appalachian Mountains. The key intension of this line was not permanent; instead it was a temporary line. It was extendable in accordance with a specific law and order.

The proclamation ended up outlawing the privately purchased land of American Indians, which ended up creating issues in the past. Rather, all future purchases of land were possible under Crown officials. In addition, the colonists of Britain were forbidden for moving beyond the line and settling upon the indigenous regions. There was forbidding of colonial officials for granting lands or grounds in the absence of any royal approval. With the year, dissatisfaction was rising in context with higher taxes among the indigenous Americans to culminate eventually in the war of American Revolution. France ended up returning to the stage of North Americans in the year 1778 for supporting the colonists of America against the British during the war of American Revolution. In case of France, the financial burden and military defeat of the war ended up weakening the overall monarchy. There were eventually contributions made for the advancement of French Revolution in the year 1789.