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essay代写:在无人驾驶汽车中使用传感器的背景

尽管无人驾驶汽车的发展还很遥远,但它需要可靠的技术来克服许多挑战。世界上有许多汽车制造商正致力于制造带有传感器的无人驾驶汽车。欧盟的智能汽车计划正致力于制造智能汽车广泛使用微控制器、传感器和执行机构,帮助司机在路上多注意,以避免事故和事故。随着计算机技术在汽车上的应用,帮助驾驶员找到正确的杆件和转弯,在不久的将来,技术的发展和进步必将发生变化。这种进步将有助于克服许多与自主导航相关的问题。自主导航的一些重要问题是本地化(我在哪里)、地图构建(我从哪里来)、路径规划(必须去哪里)和路径跟踪(如何到达目的地?)。无人驾驶汽车的传感器技术将为车辆提供完全的控制,驾驶员将仅仅是传感器的监督者

essay代写:在无人驾驶汽车中使用传感器的背景

无人驾驶汽车的传感器可以分为两类:主动传感器和被动传感器。这个分类是基于他们的能力和物理现象,他们可以通过主动探索环境或被动感知环境来进行测量(延康池,2016)。

主动传感器主要是用来发送辐射以检测车辆周围的物体,同时也消除了排放的噪音。然而,被动传感器是那些基于环境光照感知信息的传感器。被动式传感器被认为在其机制方面更便宜。主动传感器的一些例子是基于雷达的传感器、基于激光的传感器和基于超声波的传感器。无源传感器的一个重要例子是摄像头。因为自动自动驾驶汽车是交通运输的下一个发展方向,并且会增加安全驾驶

essay代写:在无人驾驶汽车中使用传感器的背景

Although, the development of the driverless cars is far, it requires the reliable technology for overcoming many challenges. There are many automakers all over the world who are working towards manufacturing the driverless car with sensors. Intelligent Car Initiative of the European Union is working towards making the extensive use of the micro controllers, sensors and actuators to help the drivers to have an extra eye on the road in order to avoid accidents and mishaps. The way computer technology has been used in the cars to help the drivers and assisting them to find the correct rods and turns, the near future of the technology will definitely experience a shift in the development and advancement of the technology. This advancement will help to overcome many problems that are associated with the autonomous navigation.
Some of the significant issues with autonomous navigation are localization (where am I), Map building (from where I am coming), path Planning (where have to go) and path tracking (how to get on destination?) (Fagnant & ). The sensor technology in the driverless car will provide the complete control to the vehicle and driver will be mere supervisor for the sensors.

essay代写:在无人驾驶汽车中使用传感器的背景

The sensors for the driverless cars can be classified in two different types, Active sensors and Passive sensors. This classification is done on the basis of their capability and physical phenomenon they are able to measure by actively probing the environment or by passively perceiving the environment (Yenkanchi, 2016).
Active sensors are mainly those which send the radiations for detecting an object around the vehicle and it also eliminates the noise of emissions. However, the passive sensors are those perceiving the information that is based on the illumination of the environment. Passive sensors are considered to be less expensive in the way of their mechanism. Some of the examples of the active sensors are radar based sensors, laser based sensors and ultrasonic based sensors. One significant example of the passive sensor is camera. Since the autonomous automated cars are the next evolution of the transportation and will increase the safety, driving