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留学申请文书:洛马克斯提出的多元文化主义

“一个世界”的概念或当前流行的多元文化主义是由洛马克斯在20世纪40年代完全提倡的。他也是人民歌曲和人民阵线的成员。20世纪40年代下半叶,洛马克斯还投资在卡内基音乐厅和市政厅举办了一系列音乐会,明确提供弗拉门戈卡里普索(flamenco calypso)和吉他,以及阿巴拉契亚音乐、乡村蓝调、爵士和安第斯音乐。在20世纪40年代和50年代,Lomax电台节目的重点是探索来自世界各地人民的音乐。

留学申请文书:洛马克斯提出的多元文化主义

正如洛马克斯所相信的那样,音乐和民俗就像其他创造性的事物一样,发生在非常局部的层面,而不是国家层面。他还指出,民俗在与各种文化的成功互动中繁荣发展,如果孤立,其价值就会降低。他不断要求民俗学家必须积极帮助社会保存和振兴他们自己的土著民族(Anon 2001)。

罗马克斯和他的生活工作认为,实现自1967年以来每年史密森民俗节日购物中心在华盛顿,华盛顿特区的国家以及地方倡议由当地公共民俗学者在帮助社会活动家和增加确认为自己的口腔种族、传统和生活方式在当地家庭团体以及整个世界。洛马克斯曾在这次活动中担任顾问。此外,由国家艺术协会和几个州政府以奖学金和音乐会的形式颁发给传统和民间艺术家的国家遗产奖是洛马克斯作品的众多影响之一。

文化公平协会(ACE)成立于1983年,在纽约亨特学院美术学院举行。它是艾伦·洛马克斯档案的守护者。本机构的使命是执行“文化反馈”、“促进文化公平”和“保存、出版、遣返和自由传播”其藏品(2001年Anon)。

留学申请文书:洛马克斯提出的多元文化主义

The notion of ‘One World’ or the currently popular aspect of multiculturalism was completely promoted by Lomax in the 1940s. He was also the member of People’s Songs and the Popular Front. In the latter half of the 1940s, Lomax also invested in production of a succession of concerts at Carnegie Hall and Town Hall which explicitly offered flamenco calypso and guitar in association with the Appalachian music, country blues, jazz and Andean music. In the 1940s and ‘50s, Lomax programs on the radio shows were focused on the exploration of the music from the people all around the world.

留学申请文书:洛马克斯提出的多元文化主义

As per believes of Lomax just like every other creative thing, music and folklore occurs at the very local level and not at the country level. He also suggested that the folklore flourishes and grows in the successful interplay with the variety of cultures and diminishes in value if in isolation. He constantly requested that the folklorists which are specially trained must actively help the societies in preserving and revitalizing their own indigenous ethnicities (Anon 2001).
The life work of Lomax and his believes, materialised since 1967 in the yearly Smithsonian Folk Festival on the Mall in Washington, D.C. in the form of national as well as local initiatives by the local activists and public folklorists in aiding societies to increase acknowledgement for their own oral ethnicities, traditions and way of lives both in their local home groups as well as in the entire world. Lomax had worked as a consultant in this event. Moreover, the National Heritage Awards, bestowed by the NEA and several State governments in the form of fellowships and concerts to master traditional and folk artists is one of the many impacts of Lomax’s work.
The Association for Cultural Equity (ACE) founded by Lomax in 1983, held at the Fine Arts Campus of Hunter College in New York City. It is the guardian of the Alan Lomax Archive. The mission of this body is to exercise “cultural feedback”, “facilitate cultural equity” and “preserve, publish, repatriate and freely disseminate” its collections (Anon 2001).