The present case presents a problem where Krista felt that other employees were plotting against her. She raised this issue in a meeting where the discussion followed as: July was first year of Krista’s performance review and Eric and Amy were asked to sit in this performance review meeting arranged by George.
There was nothing strange with this, since the ideas generated in these meetings regarding the future course of the park needed to be discussed with all the directorate members. George started with ‘We are really thankful to you Krista for coming here today. I would like to mention that you are doing a wonderful job”. “Thanks George” Krista replied. “ I’m sure we will have some fun as the previous year and wetland will be targeted to break even in this one and should generate the profit hoped by us in the coming next two years, as long as my little changes are getting approved”. These opening comments shocked Amy and Eric. “Little changes” by her would sabotage the authority and it seems that George is lapping it all up! However, since Eric did not want to appear as hostile, he preceded, walleyes; I hear that you have some exciting ideas which you have already started executing a few of them without involving others.
公司依靠员工及时生产产品和提供服务。虽然员工必须从他们的任务和执行任务的方法中学习，但组织可以利用提供奖励来鼓励他们取得优异的工作成绩。动机理论是指一个组织鼓励其员工以团队的形式表现，以及在他们的特定角色中表现的方式。组织的生产力和士气水平受其管理员工的方式的影响很大。一个组织的目标是通过一个组织作为一个整体的适当运作来实现的，同时作为独立部门的组合来发挥职能。组织由公司和部门两级管理。(Amsterdam et al.， 2010)在这种情况下，Krista也研究商业方面，而Hopper研究生物学方面。然而，Hopper group缺乏与Krista合作的协调和动力。
Companies are dependent on their employees for the timely production of products and services. While employees are subjected to learning from their tasks and method used to carry them out, organizations can avail from giving away incentives for encouraging them for exceptional job performance. Motivational theory refers to the way in which an organization encourages its employees to represent as a team and also within their particular roles. The productivity and morale levels of an organization are highly influenced by its way of managing its employees. The objectives of an organization are achieved by the proper functioning of an organization as a whole and at the same times functions as a combination of independent departments. Organization is managed at both the company and department level. (Amsterdam et al., 2010) In this case also commercial aspects are looked by Krista whereas biological aspects by Hopper. However, there is a lack of coordination and motivation amongst Hopper group to work with Krista.
It is important and Krista will have to understand this as various motivational theories are often incorporated in the organizational management exercises so as to exploit an organization’s human resources in the best way possible. Motivational theories are used by organizations on both organizational and departmental levels to develop systems promoting efficient work environments. Principles found in two of the many motivational theories used by organizations namely, expectancy theory and reinforcement theory, are employed in the reward systems used in organizational management practices. (Amsterdam et al., 2010)
Expectancy theory studies an employee’s perseverance of the relationship between efforts exerted by them and expected prize for achieving the goal. Motivation in any employer is directly proportional to the level of expectation. Reinforcement theory makes use of incentives, such as pay raises or promotions, as a means for reinforcement of better job performance. However, for discouraging poor performances and inappropriate behaviour, it also suggests use of negative reinforcements.