The Neolithic era was taken over by the Shang Dynasty. It ruled over the yellow River valley. In the present map of China, they were the provinces of Hubei, Henan, Shanxi and Shandong which are in the northeastern region of China. There are evidences of the history of China from this dynasty onwards. The Shang rulers had become victorious over the Neolithic tribes in the region and that is the beginning of their era of existence.