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美国毕业论文:强迫流离失所结果的人类学分析

当这些事件发生时,社会发生了巨大的变化。他们变得更加保护自己的生计,失去了为弱势群体争取正义的所有利益。当他们的生存受到威胁时,寻求正义是毫无疑问的。因此,社会变得更加内向,拒绝与他人交往。国际关系理论及其对政治决策方式的潜在影响是造成不断扩大的被迫流离失所的主要原因。一个国家关于解决发展问题的决定被认为是支持强迫流离失所,即城市人口找不到永久的土地来扩大重大项目,从而导致穷人被迫离开该国。侵犯人权甚至不再是一个更加令人关切的问题,因为该国对所实施的法律的遵守并未发现任何有助于他们继续其非法行为的监测。

美国毕业论文:强迫流离失所结果的人类学分析

难民被赶出他或她自己应有的地方,寻求邻国的保护,甚至可能前往遥远的地方,在那里肯定会得到人类的待遇。这些事件表明文化和社会发展、信仰的变化,以及人类生活,特别是穷人生活的重要性的永久减少。有些国家的社会准则是摆脱贫困,而不是减少贫困。这将导致一个功能失调的社会,根本不关心人权和穷人权利的执行。Cernea(2003)认为,给予所有流离失所者的补偿从来都不够,因为补偿者的估计往往低于他们重建家园的最低成本。这让我们得以窥见管理此类替代问题的法律,即使这些法律针对的是国家重要的项目,这些项目很薄弱,而且没有得到应有的支持。

美国毕业论文:强迫流离失所结果的人类学分析

The society changes drastically when these events occur. They become more protective for their own sustenance and lose all interests in securing justice for the disadvantaged. Seeking justice is out of question, when their own survival is at stake. Thus the society becomes more introverts and resists any mixing with others. International relations theory and its underlying impact on the way political decisions are made, is the major contributory in giving rise to forced displacement that keeps expanding . A nations’ decision about resolving developmental issues is seen to support forced displacement, when the urban population finds no perpetual land for expansion of major projects, and are led to forcefully displace the poor out of the country. Human rights violation is not even a heightened concern anymore, because the nation’s adherence to the imposed law does not find any monitoring that helps them to continue their unlawful actions.

美国毕业论文:强迫流离失所结果的人类学分析

The refugees pushed out of his or her own rightful place to seek protection of neighbouring countries and might even travel to distant lands where are sure to receive human treatment. These events indicate the change in cultural and social development, beliefs, and the perpetual lessening of importance of human life, especially of the poor . The social norm in some countries has been to rid itself of poverty instead of reducing poverty. This leads to a dysfunctional society not bothered at all about the enforcement of human rights and the rights of the poor. Cernea (2003) argues that the compensation awarded to all those displaced is never sufficient because the estimation of the compensator is most often below what covers the least cost of their reestablishment. This gives a peek into the laws that govern such replacement issues, even if it is done for projects of national importance, which are weak and not upheld as they must.