The Turn of the Screw is a novella that is written by Henry James. The story is a part of the gothic and ghost story genre. It first appeared in the Collier’s Weekly magazine. The novella is known for its different perspectives and unique interpretations (Freedman, 1998.). The evil and the malicious people in the story are related to reality and there is an intimate confusion in the storyline that draws in the audience towards the story.
In the story the narrator listens to an individual named Douglas who is now dead. The story tells how the younger governess is actually hired by a man who is responsible for the death of nephew and niece and their parents.
In the storyline the ghosts are an extension of the malicious intent found within the human minds. There is the creation of ghosts that are strange and sinister in the storyline. In the storyline the malicious intent of the ghosts is considered to be formulation of the governess and that the reality of the ghosts is found to be extension of the atrocities in real life. The imagery that is used in the fiction is reminiscent of the gothic fiction. Emphasize that is given reinforces the motifs of this genre. The amount of light is majorly discussed in this storyline. There is also the supernatural force that is found to be at work in the story. The audience who are reading the story is often confused or take a dichotomous stand as to the characterization of the governess (Freedman, 1998). These are the general worldwide perceptions that are involved in the notions of birth and death. Specifically there are the nuanced differences between dealing with death by the Victorian and Chinese cultures. They are explained in the following.
Human Countenance to Death in Victorian and Chinese Culture
Concept of death is the notion that is universal. All living beings are found to die one day. It is interesting美国代写论文 to note that the people are found to react based on their cultures to this notion of death. Two cultures have been probed in this analysis below.
One of the practices that were followed in the Victorian culture was taking photographs of the dead as if they were alive. There were interesting techniques and innovation that were developed to deal with the people who are dead. Post mortem photography is an evolutionary perspective that was developed during the Victorian era (Linfield, 2011). It was determined during this time that the people were dying from epidemic diseases. The people were finding ways to deal with the death of the loved ones.
“Victorian photographs of the dead, however, were for the most part not those of murders or victims of war; they were family members, most commonly children, who had died at home. They are not news photographs distributed widely among strangers, but portraits, 美国代写论文commissioned by family members and kept in the home.” (Bown, 2009, p. 9)
Taking photograph of the dead while posing as is if the people are alive is the characteristic feature of this photography. After the act of taking photos of the dead people, the Victorian culture has a number of religious ceremonies to aid the dead to reach the afterlife. There is innate patriarchy that has been observed in some of the processes.