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本篇美国essay代写-Bharatanatyam讲了使用的组合的mudras被称为阿比纳亚。阿比纳亚大致翻译为哑剧形式。每一个摩德拉的结合形成了阿比那亚,导致了许多阿比那亚的形成。有不同于原始形式的程式化手势,这些手势被称为hasta mudras。在《婆罗多》中,这些手势与表演脚本相结合,将宗教或文化事件的戏剧搬上舞台。阿比纳亚斯参与了Bharatanatyam的表演,向观众表明,阿比纳亚斯和Bharatanatyam都是最接近印度舞蹈的概念(Rani)。或是复杂的形式也在剧院的主要工具,因为它体现rāsa的概念。Rāsa意味着口味或味道真的和或是舞蹈的传统因此迎合Rāsa南印度的文化。本篇美国essay代写文章由美国第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

The Mime Movements

The use of combination of mudras is called the abhinaya. Abhinaya roughly translates as the mime form. Each of the combination of the mudras forms the abhinaya, leading to the formation of many abhinayas. There are stylized hand gestures which differ from the original forms and these are called the hasta mudras. In Bharatanatyam, these hand gestures combine with performance scripts in order to bring plays of religious or cultural events on stage. The abhinayas involved in Bharatanatyam performance shows the audience that both abhinaya and Bharatanatyam are closest to the idea of dance in India (Rani). Bharatanatyam as the complex form is also the main vehicle of theater because in it manifests the concept of the rāsa. Rāsa means tastes or flavor literally and in the Bharatanatyam the tradition of dancing hence caters to the rāsa of the south Indian culture.

Emotions of the Dances

Bharatanatyam enables the dancers to portray nine specific emotions. These emotions are part of the concept of rāsa and are called the navarasas. Nava means nine in Sanskrit language (Dutta). A socio cultural pedagogy is portrayed in the dance because of these navarasas. The emotions in the dance sequence will vary based on the story portrayed in the dance form. Bharatanatyam. Audience emotions in seeing this dance has often been recorded as a form of catharsis. The choreography will involve the emotions of sringara which is love, affections etc, hasya which is comedy or humor, and bhayanaka which represents the rāsafor fear. For peace, the rāsa is shanta, adhbute for showing surprise or wonder, karuna for showing pity, rowdra or rowdram for showing anger and veera for bravery (Bhavani and Bhavani).

Social Illustrations in dance

Bharatanatyam is more than a dance form and as shown, it presents the different characters and qualities found in a society (or a story about the society). Primarily, there is the so-called nayika or the heroine and the nayaka or the hero of the dance. There are friends to the hero, called the sakhi (Rani). Each of these characters has qualities associated to them according to the story told. The ten stages of womanhood and the ten stages of love as presented in Tamil literature (on Tamil society) are presented in the dance. Moral dispositions of characters such as the swakiya who is a faithful wife, the parakiya who is married but longs for another and the samanya or the courtesan are presented (Rani).


The multicultural dance form that has been discussed in this essay is Bharatanatyam. Bharatanatyam is a complex dance form. Although there are many other multicultural dance forms in the Indian country, Bharatanatyam deserves a special mention because of the unique way it connects to the everyday living of people. The stories that are presented in this dance form, the emotions and the expressions that it presents portray some of the cultural and literature forms of the South Indian society.