当代的环境正义问题是多年来一直存在的一系列问题和当前时代的问题，比如消费者市场需求的增加和更多的(morello – frosch,et al,2001)。环境公平是当前这代人(Bryant,1995年)的一个问题，它甚至是这样的背景:消费者对环境资源的需求不断上升，被认为是在增加而不是减少。进入城市规划的环境正义问题更侧重于可持续的解决方案(Haughton,1999)。这些可持续的解决方案借鉴了环境正义的理论，例如公平、环境种族主义和其他方面的正义概念。然而，在城镇和城市规划中，环境正义的实施有多远，这是一个长期探索的问题。“可持续性”，就像它的名字一样，是一种实践，一种生活方式或工作方式，可以持续一段时间。城市的可持续性因此呈现出一系列不同的主题，从生态学的考虑，环境问题，城市化的关注和更多的(纽曼，1999)。因此，环境正义问题在本质上是非常复杂的。研究人员Cole，& Foster，(2001)提出了环境问题的复杂性，因此现在需要某种形式的综合框架，其中涉及社会问题，更多的是讨论。这也是研究的目的。该研究试图分析一个合作框架是否有助于解决环境正义的问题。文献综述证实了这一目标，因此试图了解现有的研究材料如何凸显环境正义问题的重要性，但并不总是提出一个分析框架。在此背景下，文献的目的也在于提出一种研究材料，作者使用这样的框架，并利用该框架进一步分析这篇论文，通过确定两个领域的司法框架。
The environmental justice issues in contemporary times are a mix of issues that have been carried over the years and issues of more current times, such as the ones increased by demands of consumer markets and more (Morello-Frosch, et al, 2001). Environmental equity is a problem for the current generation (Bryant, 1995), it is even so given the context that the rising demands from consumers for the use of environmental resources are seen to be increasing and not decreasing. Environmental justice issues that go into the planning of cities are more focused on sustainable solutions (Haughton, 1999). These sustainable solutions draw on the theories of environmental justice such as the concepts of Justice for Fairness, environmental racisms and others. However how far the implementations for environmental justice in towns and city planning have been successful is a question that is explored over time. ‘Sustainability’ as its very name relates is a practice, a way of living or working that can be sustained over time. Sustainability for cities hence presents a diverse set of topics ranging from ecology considerations, environmental issues, urbanization concerns and more (Newman, 1999). Environmental justice issues are hence very complex in nature. Researchers Cole, & Foster, (2001) in presenting the complex nature of the environmental issues hence present that it would be necessary for some form of a integrated framework present, where social concerns, and more are all brought into discussions. This is also the aim of the research. The research attempts to analyze for whether a collaborative framework will be much useful in addressing the concerns of environmental justice. The literature review to substantiate this aim hence attempts to understand how existing research materials highlight the significance of environmental justice issues, but do not always present a framework for analysis. In this context the literature aims to also present a research material where the authors use such a framework and using that framework will further the analysis for this paper, by identifying two areas where the justice framework is applied.