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美国论文:美国粮食援助政策

美国粮食援助政策在全球当前饥荒形势下的主要关切是在政策上进行改革。应进行改革,以应付发展中国家恶性饥饿后目前的粮食需求。美国食品援助政策改革的问题之一是使用捆绑食品援助,其中的商品将从美国采购,商品产品将主要由美国标记的船只运往世界上与饥饿作斗争的国家。在美利坚合众国按照各自的方案保留购买商品和服务将有助于在发展中国家创造就业机会的同时产生经济活动。第三世界国家普遍存在的腐败是美国在粮食援助方面的另一个担忧。

美国论文:美国粮食援助政策

美国提供的援助,这些国家的政府以现金的形式更容易吸走。在当前项目已由美国援助粮食的国家对抗急性饥饿,大部分的援助去当地政府的水平。腐败问题最集中在地方政府层面。因此,通过提供食物来打击腐败意味着福利是美国最关心的问题。根据美国政府2007年进行的一项研究,实际用于食品援助的资金中,只有三分之一用于购买这些大宗商品。

美国论文:美国粮食援助政策

The primary concern of the United States food aid policy in context to the present famine scenario across the globe is to bring reforms in policy. Reforms are to be made to cope with the current demand of food following vicious hunger in the developing countries. One of the issues of reforms of US food aid policy is the use of tied food aid in which commodities will be sourced from the United States, and commodity products will be transported primarily by the US flagged ships to the countries in the world fighting with vicious hunger. Reserving purchases of commodities and services under the respective programs in the United States of America will help to generate economic activity while creating jobs in the developing countries. The widespread corruption in the third world countries is another concern for the United States regarding food aid.

美国论文:美国粮食援助政策

The assistance provided by America to the governments of these countries in the form of cash is easier to siphon off. Under the current programs that have been initiated by America to aid food to the nations fighting with acute hunger, most of the aid goes to the local government levels. Corruption lies in these local government levels most. Therefore, combating corruption with providing food meant welfare is a primary concern for the United States. According to a research conducted by the US government in 2007, only one-third of what actually spent for food aid goes for purchasing the commodities .