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美国蒙哥马利论文代写:提高劳动生产率的研究分析

为了从工作和生活中获得更多,现代社会已经集中在合理化,这意味着基于理性和事实的争论。然而,正如布鲁贝克(123-124)所发现的那样,马克斯•韦伯对合理化提出了不同的观点。韦伯的主要发现是,近代晚期的社会是建立在理性可计算的基础上的,这是理性化最重要的特征之一。认为合理化主要有四个主要特征。它们是可计算性、测量性、可预测性和控制性。通过理解传统的价值观、测量绩效、预测和将控制引入系统或组织内部,就有可能提高生产率。这是现代资本主义社会的主要特征。

美国蒙哥马利论文代写:提高劳动生产率的研究分析

现代社会有不同的价值体系。从周的学习中也可以看出,在不同的价值领域,如政治、经济和公共价值领域,理性的含义和特征是不同的。主要原因是每个价值领域都有自己的组织。例如,工会或政党处于政治价值体系之下,控制的意义可能是高度官僚的,而可计算性可能是遵循规则的。然而,像医院这样的组织可以归入公共价值领域。在这个组织中,控制可以是集中的,也可以是正式的,而衡量标准可以是基于对公众利益和利益的表现。由此可见,虽然理性在组织内部带来了官僚主义,但现代资本社会的独特性改变了其在各个价值领域的意义。因此,每个价值领域的工作水平和生产力是不同的。其主要观点是,在一个理性的社会中,由于增加了控制、测量和实现预测的意图,有助于提高劳动生产率。

美国蒙哥马利论文代写:提高劳动生产率的研究分析

In order to get more out of work and life, the modern society has focused on rationalisation which means arguing based on reason and facts. However, as found out by Brubaker (123-124), Max Weber has come with a different point of time regarding rationalisation. The main finding according to Weber is that the late modern society is based on rational calculability, one of the most important features of rationalisation. It is identified that, rationalisation mainly has four main characteristics. They are calculability, measurement, predictability and control. By understanding the traditional values, measuring performance, predicting and brining control to the system or within an organisation, it becomes possible to increase the productivity. It is the main feature of the modern capitalist society.

美国蒙哥马利论文代写:提高劳动生产率的研究分析

Modern society has different value systems. The learning from the week also makes it clear that in different value spheres such as namely, political, economical and public value sphere, the meaning of rationality and its characteristics are different. The main reason is that each of the value spheres has its own organisation. For example, trade unions or parties are under political value system where the meaning of control can be highly bureaucratic whereas the calculability may be following the rules. However, organisations like hospitals can be classified under public value sphere. In this organisation, the control can be centralised or formal whereas the measurement can be based on the performance towards public interest and good. It thus clearly shows even though rationality brings bureaucracy within organisations, the uniqueness of the modern capital society has altered the meaning of it in each value sphere. Thus, work level and productivity in each value sphere differs. The main point is that in a rational society, due to increased control, measurement and the intention to achieve the prediction help in the improvement of productivity of the workforce.