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美国纽约论文代写:体育运动

奥运会作为阿特金森和杨提出的奥运会历来是体育史上的一个关切部分,因为各国一直准备将其作为防止恐怖主义或其他形式暴力的场所。即使在纳粹统治奥运会期间,付款人和国家对可能爆发的暴力形式仍持谨慎态度(Atkinson&Young,2005年)。因此,在当前,准备好进行恐怖袭击并采取先发制人的措施确保人们和运动员的安全并不仅仅是体育运动中的新举措。这是现在已经实行了很多年的事情。在这种情况下,如果有人提出恐怖主义问题,并认为恐怖主义问题不如体育运动,那么诚信就不会是正确的。然而,体育完整性问题与体育运动一样对恐怖主义问题具有威胁性,每个问题都应该在正确的时间内根据背景情况予以重视。背景应决定有多少资源投入反恐措施,以及保护运动完整性必须投入多少资源。

美国纽约论文代写:体育运动
考虑一些威胁体育的完整性问题,例如在职业足球中使用肽。 Secretagogue是一类多肽,用于改善生长激素的产生,从而为运动员建立肌肉(Adams,2004)。这种形式的肽使用给用户和药物测试带来不公平的好处,为了遏制这种做法需要更多的优势,这是澳大利亚体育运动中关注的一个问题。类似的兴奋剂问题也导致运动员比赛的胜利者发生变化,比如兰斯阿姆斯特朗的胜利被怀疑因为服用兴奋剂(Møller&Dimeo,2014)。世界反兴奋剂机构WADA等监管机构试图规范和检查运动员和体育赛事,使其完全无毒(Møller&Dimeo,2014)。现在,这是一个必要的规定,因为兴奋剂问题和其他人确实接管了体育产业。然而,这永远不能被理解为是对恐怖主义问题的第二次声明。恐怖主义问题也是如此。

美国纽约论文代写:体育运动

The Olympic Games as Atkinson and Young presented it has always been a section of concern in sports history, as nations have always prepared for them as a site to prevent terrorism or other forms of violence. This is not just in current times, even during the Olympics of the Nazi rule, payers and nations were wary about the form of violence that could break out (Atkinson & Young, 2005). In current times, therefore, being prepared for terrorist attacks and taking preemptive measures to ensure people and sports players are safe is not exactly a new action in sports. It is something that has been practiced for ages now. In this context, if one was to pitch the issue of terrorism and argue that it is less than sports, integrity would not be correct. However, the issues of sports integrity are just as threatening to the sports as the issues of terrorism are, and each should be addressed in the right time by giving importance to them based on context. Context should decide how much resources go into anti-terrorism measures and how much resources must go into protecting sports integrity.

美国纽约论文代写:体育运动
Consider some of the integrity issues that are threatening sports, such as the use of peptide in professional football. Secretagogue is a class of peptide that is used for improving the production of the growth hormone in order to build muscles for the athlete (Adams, 2004). This form of peptide use gives unfair advantages to the user and drug testing and more is needed in order to curb the practice and this is a concern noted in Australian sports. Similar doping concerns have also resulted in a change in the winner of athletic events such as Lance Armstrong whose victories were brought under suspicion for doping (Møller & Dimeo, 2014). There are regulatory bodies like the World Anti-Doping Agency WADA which seeks to regulate and check athletes and sporting events to make them completely dope free (Møller & Dimeo, 2014). Now, this is a needed regulation, as doping concerns and others have indeed taken over the sporting industry. However, this can never be understood as being second in claim to terrorism concerns. Terrorism concerns are just as real.