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美国心理学论文代写:弗洛伊德

根据佛洛伊德的观点,自我的三个部分是个体本我、自我和超我。这种对欲望的渴望,对自我的认可,对整个社会可能是不利的。每一个人都有一定的内在的侵略他们由于这些复杂的本我和超我之间的关系。这种不同程度使个人以某种方式行事。自我的形成是由一个过程从婴儿自恋了。根据佛洛伊德的说法,任何个体都有一种天生的渴望得到满足和快乐。一般弗洛伊德观点是悲观的。然而,这不能来自个体自我。这种需要的认可和爱应该来自另一个人的自我幸福。佛洛伊德将这种感觉的起源归因于个体的婴儿阶段。在这个阶段,婴儿需要一个更强壮的人来批准和照顾他们。他们无条件地需要爱。佛洛伊德说,每个人的内在需求是海洋欲望的起源。

在电影<<逝去的女孩>>中,艾米在晚会上寻求Nick的认可。Nick正在履行她的愿望,她需要被爱和爱。另一方面,Nick实际上是在与另一个女人有染,寻求自我的验证。在这种情况下,可以看出,这两个人都有先天的愿望,实现超我和验证。当她发现Nick和另一个女人在一起时,艾米的超我形象破灭了。她回到了婴儿自恋的情感阶段,因为她对婴儿的认可和爱的需求被粉碎了。婴儿自恋是超我的顶点,每个人只给予他或她的需要。她以最不寻常的方式寻求报复,最终确保他不惜任何代价离开她。Nick也不离开她是因为他想成为社会上可以接受的成员。他需要社会来验证他。她需要他和她在一起,如果Nick不爱她对她没关系。她基本上以一种不寻常的方式把他当作人质,这和抱着洋娃娃的孩子差不多。在这一点上,弗洛伊德的婴儿自恋和欲望理论很明显地决定了艾米的行为。

美国心理学论文代写:弗洛伊德

The three parts of the self according to Freud’s perspective is the individual id, ego and super ego. This need for desire, approval happiness for the self may not be good for the society at large. Each individual has a certain amount of inbuilt aggression in them owing to these complexities of the relationship between the id and the super ego. This varying degree causes the individuals to act in a certain manner. The formation of the self is developed from the infantile narcissism by a process of digression. According to Freud any individual has an innate desire to be satisfied and be happy. Generally Freudian perspective is pessimistic. This however cannot come from the individual self. This need of approval and love should come from another individual for the self to be happy. Freud attributes the origin of this feeling to be connected to the infant stage of the individual. At this stage the infant needs a stronger person to approve and take care of them. They need love unconditionally. Freud says that this innate need of each individual is the origin of the oceanic desire.

In the movie Gone girl, Amy actually seeks out the approval of Nick during the party. Nick was fulfilling her desire and her need of being loved and love. Nick on the other hand was actually seeking out validation of his self by having affairs with another woman. In this scenario it can be seen that both the individuals have an innate desire of fulfilling the super ego and validation. This super ego image of Amy was shattered when she finds Nick with another woman. She goes back to the emotional stage of the infantile narcissism as her infant need of approval and love had been shattered. Infantile narcissism is the culmination of the super ego where each individual gives utmost importance to only his or her needs. She seeks out revenge in the most unusual way and in the end ensures that he does not leave her at any cost. Nick also does not leave her because of his need of wanting to be acceptable member in the society. He needs society to validate him. She needs him physically with her and it does not matter to her if Nick loves her or not. She is basically holding him as hostage in an unusual way and that is similar to a child holding in to a doll. In this it is pretty obvious that Freudian theory of infantile narcissism and desire determines the action of Amy.