Assignment First

美国信息系统学论文代写:处理道德问题的方法

处理道德问题的第二种方法是观察行为。现在,Cromey(2014)的研究表明,在新闻摄影中,照片购物在一定程度上是允许的。例如,对整个图像进行简单的调整通常被认为是可以接受的。标准的摄影技术可能会产生不同程度的亮度和对比度。Photoshop的用户会倾向于使用图像调整工具来处理整个图像。在调节中使用的一些简单调整通常被认为是可以接受的。在麦柯里的研究中,情况并非如此。提出的Photoshop问题不是小的调整,在Photoshop上做的调整并没有应用到整张照片上。

美国信息系统学论文代写:处理道德问题的方法

Cromey(2014)认为图像的裁剪也被认为是合乎道德的。Photoshop的操作会导致图像特定区域的变化,或者不会在图像的其他区域执行,这都是不符合伦理道德的,研究人员称其使用存在问题。另一个可以提出的论点是科学形象。选择性增强有时是在科学图像中进行的。然而,这些形式的选择性增强通常是受众所知道的。事实上,即使在科学文章中,也会给出一个表示增强的尺度。其次,这种增强不会改变原始图像。在麦柯里的作品中,原始图片被改变,人物被添加和删除,或者重新定位。事实上,大多数摄影记者,如那些与美联社工作的人,声称他们甚至改变了作品的一个像素。考虑到他的表现背景,以及他在购买照片时的行为,可以说,麦咖喱确实违反了道德规范。

美国信息系统学论文代写:处理道德问题的方法

The second way to approach the ethical issue is to look at the action. Now, study of Cromey (2014) shows that photo shopping is allowable to a certain extent in photojournalism. For instance, simple adjustments made to the entire image are usually considered to be acceptable. Standard photographic techniques might result in different levels of brightness and contrast. Photoshop users would then tend to use image adjustment tools that process the entire image. Some of these simple adjustments used in moderations are usually considered to be acceptable. Now in the case of McCurry’s work, this is not the case. The Photoshop issue being raised is not with respect to minor adjustments, and the adjustments made on Photoshop have not been applied to the entire photograph.

美国信息系统学论文代写:处理道德问题的方法

Cromey (2014) argues that cropping of images is also considered as ethical. Photoshop actions that results in changes to specific area of an image or are not performed on other areas of the image are not considered ethical, researcher calls them questionable use. Now an alternative argument that can be placed is that of scientific image. Selective enhancement is sometimes done in the scientific image. However, these forms of selective enhancements are usually something that an audience is aware of. In fact, even in scientific articles, a scale representing the enhancement is presented. Secondly, such enhancements do not change the original picture . In the case of McCurry’s work, the original picture has been changed, people have been added and removed, or repositioned . In fact, most photojournalists such as those working with Associated Press state that they done even alter a pixel of the work. Given the context of his representation, and his actions in photo shopping, it can be said that McCurry has indeed been on the wrong side of ethics.