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美国研究生申请文书:《美国梦》的简介

1931年,关于美国梦,詹姆斯·特鲁斯洛·亚当斯(James Truslow Adams)在他的著作《美国梦》(the dream of a land)中写道:“在这片土地上,每个人的生活都应该变得更好、更丰富、更充实,每个人的机会都应该根据能力或成就而定”(the Epic of America, pp. 214-215)。美国梦强调人人平等,所有公民都有生存的权利,因此强调自我实现、自由和平等机会的权利。

《美国梦》也是关于无限的自由。生活在这个国家的每一个人都有选择的自由。菲茨杰拉德强调平等、个人主义、努力工作、自力更生和自由。美国人可以自己做决定,甚至他们被鼓励保留自己的想法,这有时可能会让其他种族的人感到不安,并导致误解。由于文化差异,许多族群的应对方式不尽相同,但为了在美国取得成功,他们仍然怀有远大的梦想。例如,美国人更强调自治,而中国相信集体主义。他们的集体决策是为了整体利益,而不是为了个人利益。在美国,文化更强调个人目标以取得独立的成功。美国人在社交方面更放松,注重效率和速度,而中国人在做生意时更注重社交网络。中国人在做决定时更注重权威人物。美国人在决策上更加独立。每一种文化都有其独特的价值,这些差距可以通过相互尊重和文化意识来克服。

美国是一个前途无量的国家。这是一个无论不同的民族背景、民族、文化和信仰制度,人人都能和平生活的国家。美国也被称为上帝所选择的国家,因为它的价值体系和民主。美国人非常注重个人主义。它更加强调个人目标,并说服他们变得更加雄心勃勃。亨利·大卫·梭罗象征着美国梦的简单。他想摆脱过度的生活,想要简单,所以他在野外生活了两年。在他看来,奢侈品和舒适区并不是生活中不可或缺的;它们在提升人类生活方面造成了更多的障碍。人们更专注于金钱,所以他们忘记了有意义的生活。

美国研究生申请文书:《美国梦》的简介

In 1931, regarding the American dream, James Truslow Adams wrote in his book “that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement” (The Epic of America, pp. 214-215). The American Dream constitutes that all men were equal and all the citizens have the right to live, thus emphasizing on the right to self-realization, freedom and equal opportunities.
“The American Dream” is also about unlimited freedom. Each and every person living in this country has the freedom of choice. F. Scott Fitzgerald gave emphasis on equality, individualism, hard work, self reliant and freedom. Americans can make his own decisions and even they are encouraged to preserve their ideas which may sometimes upset the feelings of other races and lead to misinterpretation. Many ethnic groups cope differently because of cultural differences but still they dream big in order to achieve success in the US. For example, Americans give more emphasis on autonomy but China believes in collectivism. Their collective decisions are made for overall good and not for personal gain. In America, the culture gives more emphasis on personal goals to achieve independent success. Americans are more relaxed in social interaction and give stress on efficient and rapidness whereas Chinese people are more aware of social networking in doing a business. Chinese people give more emphasis on authoritative figure while making decisions. The Americans are more independent in decision making. Each and every culture has their unique values and these gaps can be conquered by mutual respect and cultural awareness.
America is a country of boundless prospects. It is a country where everyone can live peacefully in spite of different ethnic backgrounds, nationalities, cultures and belief systems. America is also called the God’s chosen country because of its value system and democracy. Americans give strong prominence on individualism. It gives more emphasis on individual goals and persuades them to become more ambitious. Henry David Thoreau symbolizes the simplicity in American Dream. He wanted to get rid of excess in life and wanted simplicity so he lived two years in wilderness. According to him, luxuries and comfort zones are not indispensible in life; they cause more hindrances in uplifting human life. People are more engrossed with money so they forget to live meaningful life.