Assignment First

美国作业抄袭:新西兰的商业实体

在建筑领域中,适合启动企业法人的责任是人身责任。由于公司是单独处理的,个人责任被认为是正确的格式,因为它减少了可能在任何时候出现的重大风险。根据对唯一交易规则的理解,第一年需要提交个人IR3对账单,之后的所有年份都要缴纳暂缴税。

在新西兰设立企业实体的首要需要也是进行偿债能力测试,即企业所有者在经营期间偿还债务的能力以及负债和公司资产的价值。拟设立的业务实体目前没有任何股份,因此不属于控股公司的范畴。然而,有几点需要注意。需要遵循比例责任计划。此外,没有连带责任,这意味着我对公司内部发生的任何活动负完全责任(Business, 2016)。

所有权的格式

提议的业务实体的所有权格式包括独家交易。作为一个房地产领域的独家交易员,我拥有完全的权力来控制业务,新西兰的法律也允许个人轻松地设立独资贸易公司。责任也是无限的,因为我将是唯一的人来照顾债务或利润。因此,危险的情况完全在我的控制之下。

作为一名建筑顾问,我不期待任何形式的投资,因为我的目标是弥合两者之间的差距。此外,未来几年的结构将保持不变,直到业务增长(Government, 2016)。因此,建议在未来三年继续采用相同的所有权形式。

会计的职责

会计责任是非常高的,要求业主承担巨大的责任。

基于对税收形式的理解,实体容易产生服务性税收。所取得的利润,应分别填报税款。因此,所得税是按股息所得的所有个人税率缴纳的。只有两名员工被提议为所选择的业务实体工作。一名员工负责技术的维护,更新施工人员的数据库,以便更好的与客户进行准确的对接。其他员工将负责客户的处理和跟进任何质量问题。大多数情况下,手术由另一个人来做。

我的责任是非常大的,是一个巨大的指针列表。每一项建议如下:

申请公司注册证书,了解《公司法》2014年实施的宪法规定

识别并列出供应商的准确信息

遵循消费者保障法案,同时为客户提供选择

运用公平交易法处理建筑商与消费者之间的交易,避免中介纠纷

确保会计程序正确,每笔交易都有清晰的记录,以便更好地报告和管理政府每年征收的税款

遵循员工行为,确保员工享有完整的权利和福利

适用《工作场所健康与安全法》,确保用于咨询目的的空间足够安全,不会对设计和使用者的健康造成任何危害

需要对应税业务费用和非应税业务费用有一个清晰的认识

此外,还需要向新西兰的政府申请执业证书。这个许可证是强制性的,因为我提供咨询在一个服务行业,其中直接交易发生与消费者。为了连接业主和建筑专业人士,很明显,需要进行建筑分析,以便提供正确的方向(Stewart, 2012)。适用于该司的其他相关立法包括《2002年建筑合同法》和《1991年建筑法》,以确保咨询服务的一致性和可靠性。

美国作业抄袭:新西兰的商业实体

The liability which is appropriate to kickstart the business entity in the construction field is personal liability. As the company is to be handled individually, personal liability is regarded as the right format as it reduces the substantial risk that might arise at any point of time. Based on the understanding of sole trading rules, the first year requires filing of personal IR3 statement and provisional tax is applicable for all the subsequent years.
The primary need to setup a business entity in New Zealand is also to conduct a solvency test which means the ability of business owner to pay debts during the business period and the value of liabilities and company’s assets. The proposed business entity does not have any shares at the present and hence, it does not fall under the category of holding company. However, the liability has several points to be noted. Proportionate liability scheme needs to be followed. Additionally, there is no Joint Liability which implies that I am thoroughly responsible towards any activity taking place within the company (Business, 2016).
Ownership Format
The ownership format for proposed business entity includes sole trading. As a sole trader in the real estate field, I get the complete authority to control the operations and the laws in New Zealand also allow individuals to easily set up sole trading company. The liability is also unlimited as I will be the sole person to take care of the debts or the profits. Hence, risky situations are totally under my control.
As a construction consultant, I am not looking forward for any sorts of investments as my aim is to bridge the gap between the two. Further, the structure will remain the same for the next few years until the business grows (Government, 2016). Hence, the proposal is to continue with the same ownership format for the next 3 years.
Accounting Responsibilities
Accounting responsibilities are extremely higher and demand huge responsibilities from the owner.
Based on the understanding on the taxation formats, the entity is prone to service tax. For any profits made, tax amount is entered separately. As a result, income tax is paid for all the individual tax rates arrived from the dividends. There are just two employees that have been proposed for the chosen business entity. One employee is to take care of the technology and update the database of the builders so as to link with customers at a better accuracy. The other employee will take care of customer handling and following up the customer for any quality issues. Mostly, it is the operation that the other person will take care of.
My accountability is extremely large and is a vast list of pointers. Each of them is listed below:
Seek Company Incorporation Certificate and understand the constitutional rules as enforced by the Companies Act 2014
Identify and list accurate details of vendors
Follow Consumer Guarantees Act while suggesting options for the customers
Apply Fair Trading Act to deal between the builders and consumers so as to avoid any intermediary hassles
Ensure that the accounting procedures are right and every transaction is clearly recorded for better reporting and to manage the taxation imposed by the government annually
Follow Employees Act to ensure that both the employees receive complete rights and benefits
Apply Workplace Health and Safety Act to make sure that the space used for the consulting purpose is safe enough and does not cause any hazards in terms of design as well as to the health of the users
There needs to be a clear understanding between the taxable and non – taxable business expenses
There is also a need to seek Practitioner Certificate from the government of New Zealand. This license is compulsory as I offer consulting in a service industry where the direct deals happen with the consumers. In order to connect owners and building professionals, it is also evident that the building analysis needs to be performed so as to offer the right directions (Stewart, 2012). The other relevant legislations appropriate for this division include construction contracts Act 2002 and Building Act 1991 in order to ensure consistency and reliability in the consulting service.