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美国作业代写:有关理论模型的案例研究

在这个理论中,孩子的成长是指一朵花的盛开。在格塞尔提出的理论中,他指出,在儿童的发展过程中,通常会有好年数和坏年数的混合(Pickren, Dewsbury, & Wertheimer, 2012)。成熟理论是儿童身心发展的综合理论。它关注儿童从婴儿期到儿童期的成长发育(Slee, & Shute, 2014)。根据这一理论,如果孩子面临任何问题,那是因为孩子所持有的观念和环境对孩子的发展起着很大的作用。孩子们在一定时间间隔内的行为是可以概括的。家长和老师可以根据孩子的规范行为来了解孩子的发展和进步。格塞尔花了数不清的时间观察这个孩子后,得出了规范的模式。

研究成熟模型理论的现代批评家强调,成熟模型理论不能从整体上解释这种情况。它不考虑环境因素,只关注个体儿童。虽然这些都是观察理论和孩子的主观推理很重要,但不考虑孩子所处的环境可能会成为一个问题。此外,还对中产阶级儿童及其家庭进行了观察。因此,调查结果的真实性受到质疑。然而,格塞尔理论指出了一个人的叙事身份的重要性。个体的叙事身份指向个体所诠释的内在动力生命故事。一个人的叙事身份与个体为了使自己快乐、满足而进行的主观推理密切相关。叙事性身份关注的是自我如何试图保持一个人的快乐。然而,许多理论指出环境因素的重要性及其对个体的影响。

一个观察发现,叙事同一性的影响和成熟理论的关联性是可以理解的。有些孩子试着让自己保持忙碌和快乐。但也有一些外部事件导致他们以某种方式行事。叙事身份似乎并不能回答人作为一个整体的所有问题。法律规范标准和社会规范似乎对儿童产生了影响(Schwartzman, 2012)。研究发现,在体育运动中,当孩子们被教导学习特定游戏中的某些技巧时,其他孩子被教导帮助那些在游戏中挣扎的孩子(Bauer, McAdams, & Pals, 2008)。人们发现孩子们都开始一起玩了。由此可以理解叙事同一性的差异。环境对人的影响是巨大的,要从整体上理解一个人性格的意义,需要对环境的影响进行探究。一个人的叙事身份并不会以儿童社会发展的方式被创造出来。发展和成熟受外部环境的影响。从历史时期到现在,许多著名的心理学家都这样认为。因此,本分析还考虑了其他行为和社会理论。

美国作业代写:有关理论模型的案例研究

In this theory the development of a child is alluded to the blooming of a flower. In the theory proposed by Gesell he states that there is generally a mix of good and bad years for a child during the process of development (Pickren, Dewsbury, & Wertheimer, 2012). Maturational theory is a mix of physical and mental development of the child. It focusses on the development of growth and development of a child from infancy to childhood (Slee, & Shute, 2014). According to this theory if there is any issue faced by the child it is because of the perceptions held by the child and the environment plays a big importance on the development of the child. There is generalisation of how the children behave at certain intervals of times. Using this as a timetable the parents and teachers can learn about the development and progress of the child based on the normative behavior of the child. Normative patterns were made by Gesell after spending innumerable hours observing the child.
Modern critics who study the theory of maturational model stress on the fact that this theory does not explain the situation as a whole. It does not factor in the environmental factors but only focusses on the individual child. Even though these are all observational theories and subjective reasoning of the child is important, not factoring in the environment of the child can pose to be a problem. Also the observations were made on the middle class children and their families. Owing to this the veracity of the findings has been questioned. However Gesell theory points to the importance of narrative identity of a person. Narrative identity of an individual points to the internal dynamics life story that has been construed by the individuals. Narrative identity of a person is closely related to the subjective reasoning by the individuals to keep them happy and satisfied. Narrative identity focusses on how the self tries to keep a person happy. However, many theories points to the importance of environmental factors and their impacts on the individuals.
One observation, the impact of narrative identity and the relevance of maturational theory can be understood. Some children try to keep themselves be busy and be happy. But there are also external events that caused them to behave in a certain way. Narrative identity does not seem to answer all the questions of the person as a whole. The normative standards of the law and the social conformities seem to have an impact on the children (Schwartzman, 2012). It was found that in the case of sports when the children were taught to learn about certain tricks in playing a particular game and other children were taught to help the kids who were struggling in their games (Bauer, McAdams, & Pals, 2008). It was found that the children all started to play together. From this the differences in narrative identity can be understood. There is a significant impact that the environment causes on the people and they need to be probed to understand the significance of a person’s character as a whole. Narrative identity of a person does not factor in the ways in which the social development of the children is created. There is an influenced of external situations to the development and maturations. This has been professed by eminent psychologists from historical periods to the current times. Therefore, other behavioral and social theories have been considered in this analysis.