Assignment First

申请文书:芝加哥参与健康城市的要求

从长远来看,芝加哥和它的郊区有可能采取更健康的方法来帮助它。首先,它应确保遵循联合国提出的健康城市原则。

想要参与健康城市要求的城市有十个关键要求。第一个要求是,相关城市必须有解决自身问题的政治承诺。地方政府、关键决策者和利益相关者必须参与其中。在芝加哥的背景下,情况就是这样,因为这个城市被认为得到了很多社区委员会的帮助。10提出了管理基础设施的第二个标准。现有研究表明,健康的城市应该得到支持。现在,芝加哥作为一个备受瞩目的城市,受到了EPA和当地城市的评估,可以说,这一标准也正在得到满足。第三,必须存在基于证据的政策来理解不平等问题。现在,在搜索有关芝加哥和健康问题的报告时,可以看到有大量关于不平等等问题的报告。然而,尽管有如此多的事实报道,社会经济不公正和无法获得医疗保健的问题仍然在一些社区继续存在。因此,这推动了人们关注城市在收集事实的基础上进行规划的能力。

申请文书:芝加哥参与健康城市的要求

关于城市规划和发展的研究往往侧重于如何基于研究收集数据,然后侧重于为他们最初收集数据的人群提供健康结果。以芝加哥为例,有许多事实表明该市正遭受社会经济问题的困扰。然而,这些事实集合似乎都没有集成到未来的策略实现中。对于健康城市,第四、第五和第六点是关于优先行动和城市健康计划。在这方面优先采取的行动必须是处理引起问题的问题和导致问题恶化的问题。目前正在审议污染问题,并在一定程度上加以处理,但贫困状况和无法充分获得卫生保健仍然是一个问题。除了优先次序之外,旨在帮助少数族裔社区的伙伴关系可以说在这方面是滞后的。这是芝加哥及其周边城市社区必须改进的一个领域。

申请文书:芝加哥参与健康城市的要求

It would be possible for Chicago and its suburban areas to follow more healthy approaches that would help it in the long run. Primarily, it should ensure to follow the Healthy cities principles as presented by the United Nations.
There are ten key requirements that are expected out of cities which want to participate in the Healthy city requirement. The first of the requirement is that the city in question must have the political commitment to solve its own issues. The local government, the key decision makes and stakeholders must be involved here. In the context of Chicago this is the case as the city is seen to be helped a lot by community councils. 10The second criteria of administrative infrastructure are present. Healthy cities should have support as evidence from existing research studies show. Now Chicago being a high profile city that comes under EPA assessments and local city assessments, it can be said that this criterion is also being fulfilled. Thirdly evidence based policies must exist to understand the inequality issues. Now in searching for reports on Chicago and the health issues, it can be seen that there is a vast array of reports on inequality and more. However despite the presence of so much fact reporting, the socio economic injustice and the issues of in accessibility to health care still continues for some of the community. Therefore this pushes the focus on how well the city is able to plan based on the facts that it collects.

申请文书:芝加哥参与健康城市的要求

Research studies on planning and development for cities are often focused on how they collect data based on research and then focus on delivering health outcomes for the population from which they collected the data in the first place. In the case of Chicago many facts exist to indicate that the city is suffering from socio-economic issues. However none of this fact collection seems to be integrated into policy implementations for the future. Now for healthy cities, the fourth, fifth and sixth points are about prioritized actions and city health plans. Prioritized action in this context must have been about addressing the issues that causes the problem and the issues which lead to the exacerbation of the problem. Now the pollutant issue is being considered and is being handled to a certain extent but poverty situation and inaccessibility to health care in an adequate fashion still remains to be an issue. In addition to prioritization, the partnership in order to help minority communities could be said to be lagging here. This is one area in which Chicago and urban communities around it have to improve on.