Critical appraisal for the selected papers can be described using the CASP method. Systematic review of medication safety assessment methods has a through and appropriate approach as the accuracy, efficiency, and efficacy of four commonly recommended medication safety assessment methodologies were systematically reviewed. The key research in this paper are medical literature databases were systematically searched for any comparative study conducted between January 2000 and October 2009 in which at least two of the four methodologies—incident report review, direct observation, chart review, and trigger tool—were compared with one another. Any study that compared two or more methodologies for quantitative accuracy (adequacy of the assessment of medication errors and adverse drug events) efficiency (effort and cost), and efficacy and that provided numerical data was included in the analysis.
The credibility of the findings in the research paper was critically analyzed and was presented in the table format with all the result and outputs. The relevance of the topic towards the research was good enough as the statistical analyses were very useful in this paper for the use of writing the relevant article on the same. Another research paper ‘new barcode checks help reduce drug round errors in care homes’ have the appropriate approach have been applied the switch to an electronic medication system has improved staff awareness of near misses and reduced workplace stress.
The key research methods in the paper was to a study undertaken between January 2008 and December 2010 evaluated the effects of a pharmacy-led barcode medication system in care homes (with or without on-site registered nursing staff). The findings show that the system raised awareness of ‘near miss’ errors, particularly among nurses, and reduced stress and the pressure of medication rounds. Care staff in nursing homes, in particular, could administer selected medications using this system. The credibility of this paper was meaningful and critical analysis for the surveys done for the staff in the nursing care homes and the medication errors were identified nicely with using the mathematical models.
The relevance of the findings for the research paper and use in the organization which have all the important result about the nursing staff by the surveys was very useful for the nursing report writing and the background study of nursing research.
Third papers of nurse’s role in the medication safety have the appropriate approach which can be applied to explore the nurse’s role in the process of medication management and identify the challenges associated with safe medication management in contemporary clinical practice. The key research methods in the study was the framework based analysis were done for identifying the role of the nurses in the medication safety. Institutional, Organization and management, Work environment, Team, Individual staff member, Task and Patient were surveyed among the more than 1000 nurses working in the care homes.