国家在就业关系中发挥着最重要的作用，虽然不积极推动就业关系的改善，但也通过立法权来推动就业关系的改善，通过立法权来促进经济的发展。当就业关系得到加强和保护时，经济就会被认为是强大的、合乎道德的和成熟的，可以进行持续的投资，从而表明国家在吸引外国投资和改善经济健康方面发挥了重要作用。国家在中央赋予的宪法权力下行使自己的权利，保障就业关系的公平正义。除了更广泛的作用外，国家还有多个较小的作用，这些作用是通过适用于案件的相关法律来制定的。他们关注工人的定期工资，听取他们对雇主不当行为的关注，评估雇员和雇主在立法上的合规性，定期检查工人的工作条件，并确保相关法律得到遵守，等等(Jenkins, 2002)。此外，他们对员工的工作操守保持高度的道德标准，并制定严厉惩罚违规者的规则，使工作环境符合道德工作标准，并认可员工的各项权益，使之成为法律和雇主必须执行的规则。简而言之，国家是由多个较小的部门合并而成，这些部门各司其职，各司其职，共同努力，使就业关系更加繁荣，并以生产价值为主要成果，向该国公民提供有竞争力的产品和服务。其唯一目的是提高全体公民的生活质量，国家发挥着重要作用，这直接关系到雇主和雇员之间富有成果的关系所产生的经济产出。如果这种关系没有建立在坚实的基础之上，那么结果将是经济上的匮乏，并将成为一股影响所有公民的反增长力量(Rasmussen, 2004)。因此，国家在就业关系中发挥着重要作用，并设法保持这种关系的可持续性和竞争性，为社会创造更美好的未来。
The state intervenes when it is essential and needs to resolve a conflict, but it takes care of the conflict by making laws that eliminates or prevents its arising. The state is again politically connected and different political parties coming to power will have different understanding of the requirements that it needs to fulfil as a state for the employer employee association. The political parties coming to power have a different influence on the relationship and if a party is pro-capitalist, it is more daunting for the workers to be able to get the same place in the economic cycle production. Parties favouring capitalist and investors will most probably seek to design or amend laws which favour the employers and provide less importance to the workers and employees. The parties favouring a socialist structure and wants to reduce inequality as its principle priority will b amend laws which are more workers favoured and provide the justice in the relationship (Geare and Edgar, 2007). Thus, the state needs to adjust with the singular underlying requirement of its existence and the role it plays in the employer employee relationship, and give more attention to the broader human rights principle and requirements which form an equal society and provide equitable distribution of rights, justice, and opportunities.
The state has the most significant role in employment relations, and though it does not actively pursue the improvement of the relations, it does the same with the help of its legislative powers and exercises the same to improve the economy. When the employment relations are enhanced and protected, the economy is seen to be strong, ethically placed, and ripe for consistent investments, thus indicating an important role of the state in attracting foreign investments and improving the economy’s health. The state practices its rights under the constitutional powers given by the central government, and ensures the upholding of justice for all employment relations. In addition to the broader roles, the state has multiple smaller roles which are enacted through the respective law that applies to the case matter. They look out for periodic payments for workers, hear their concern of employer misconduct, assessing the legislative compliance of the employees and the employer, carry out regular inspection into labour working conditions and makes sure that the relevant legislations are willingly followed, etc. (Jenkins, 2002). In addition, they maintain a high ethical standard for its working conduct and make the environment conducive to ethical working standards, by introducing rules of severe punishments to violators, recognise various entitlements of the workers and make it a rule to be enforced by law and by the employer. In short, the state is an amalgamation of multiple smaller departments with their respective duties and objectives who work together to make the employment relations more prosperous and producing of productive value as a primary outcome and delivering competitive products and services to the citizens of the country. The sole purpose is to enhance the quality of life for all citizens, and the state plays a major role which is linked directly with the economic output coming out of a fruitful relation between the employer and employees. If this relation is not based on a strong foundation, then the outcome will be economically deprived and will become an anti-growth force which affects all citizens equally (Rasmussen, 2004). Thus, the state has a significant role in the employment relations and manages to keep the relations sustainable, and competitive for delivering a better future to society.