A general fault with simulation methods is that they tend to be cost prohibitive. Specific experts need to be hired who can enact the situations with ease. This is made even more difficult since it is very easy to get off-track and lose sight of the learning objectives during simulations as will be remarked in later sections.
There are many kinds of simulation techniques that are used by organizations in order to provide their students with an immersive learning experience. We will discuss some of these techniques along with their advantages and disadvantages:
The first kind of simulation technique that we will use in this section is that of role plays. The major emphasis in role plays is on human behavior. The participants are faced with situations that they are expected to face in the future. The role-playing is done mainly in three stages.
The role-plays can be made-up or staged by the trainer or they can be enacted by the participants. The advantage of the former is that the outcome is predetermined. In the latter method, the trainer simply lets the task be reconstructed and the participants have to enact their own methods. The advantage of the latter method is that it brings out a scenario hat is more likely to be connected to real-life situations. However a disadvantages is that the learning aspect is at the mercy of the participants staging abilities. Role-plays have a great degree of ‘acting’ involved in which situations have to be conjured up and then acted out. This not only includes a lot of imagination from the part of the participants but also the ability to put that imagination into a real-life context – to give material shape to that imagination through the use of acting which is an skill and may not be harbored by the great majority of people (Mumford 1992).
角色扮演，或由教练上演，也可以制定的参与者。前者的优点是，该结果是预定的。在后一种方法中，教练只是让重建的任务，参与者必须制定自己的方法。后一种方法的优点是它可以将一个场景帽子是更可能被连接到现实生活的情况。然而，缺点是学习方面是在怜悯的参加者举办的能力。角色扮演有很大程度的’代理’涉及在何种情况下必须编造了，然后采取行动。这不仅包括了很多想象的部分参与者，但也有能力把想象变成现实生活中的背景 – 给材料的形状，想象力的作用，这是一个技能的使用，不得包庇绝大多数人（芒福德1992年）。